History of BangaloreStory behind Name Bangalore The term 'Bangalore' is an anglicized version of "Bengalooru," a Kannad term. The word Bengalooru was in turn derived from the phrase 'bende kaalu ooru', meaning 'the town of boiled beans'. The story behind naming the city as the 'town of boiled beans' is said Once a hunting expedition King Ballala of the Hoysala dynasty lost his way in the jungle. Deep inside the jungle, lived an old woman who took pity on the hungry and tired hunter. The old woman was poor and had nothing else to offer but boiled beans. But the king was so pleased with her hospitality that he named the entire city as bele-benda-kalu-ooru,
Founder of Bangalore - Kempe Gowda In 1537, Kempe Gowda (under a provision given by Krishnadevaraya), he marks the four corners of the city whom many treat as the architect of modern Bangalore, built a mud fort in the city and with the help of King Achutaraya, built the little towns of Cottonpet, Balepet and Chickpet, all inside the fort. Today, these little areas serve as the major wholesale and commercial market places in the city. He established it as a province of the Vijayanagara Empire. During the Vijayanagara rule, Bangalore was also referred to as "Devarāyanagara" and "Kalyānapura" ("Auspicious City").
Rule of the Sultans, Marathas and British Bangalore's rule changed hands several times after the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire. Bangalore was given to Shahaji in 1638, as a jagir by Bijapur army. Later the Mughal general Kasim Khan defeated Ekoji I, son of Shahaji, and then sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar of Mysore for 300,000 rupees. After the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II in 1759, Hyder Ali, Commander-in-Chief of the Mysore Army, proclaimed himself the de facto ruler of Mysore. The kingdom later passed to Hyder Ali's son Tippu Sultan, known as the Tiger of Mysore. Tippu Sultan was defeated by British Indian Empire in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799). British took control of the Mysore Kingdom and, possibly influenced by the city's salubrious climate, moved the administrative capital to Bengaluru. During the British Raj, Bangalore developed as a centre for colonial rule in South India. The first train was flagged out of the city in 1859. And the lovely Cubbon Park was built by Sankey in 1864. The establishment of the Bangalore Cantonment brought in large numbers of migrants from Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and North India for developing and maintaining the infrastructure of the cantonment.
Bangalore after Independence After India gained independence in 1947, Bangalore evolved into a manufacturing hub for public sector heavy industries—particularly aerospace, telecommunications, machine tools, heavy equipment, space and defense. The establishment and success of software service firms in Bangalore after the liberalisation of Indias economy has led to the growth of Indias information technology industry. Bangalore is referred to as the Silicon Valley of India and accounts for one third percent of India’s software exports. Home to prestigious colleges and research institutions, the city has the second-highest literacy rate among the metropolitan cities in the nation.